Positive social relationships increase self-esteem, but high self-esteem contributes to positive social relationships, according to a new study by the American Psychological Society.
This study was published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
For the first time, we have a systematic answer to the crucial question of whether and to what extent positive social relationships contribute to the development of self-esteem and vice versa, but also to what ages in life do these phenomena occur, says Michel A. Harris. , one of the authors of the study at the University of Texas at Austin.
Harris and Ulrich Orth of the University of Bern analyzed data from 52 studies involving some 47,000 people to examine whether self-esteem affects positive social relationships or vice versa. All surveys were published between 1992 and 2016 and included a number of countries (30 samples from the US, four from Switzerland, three from Germany and two from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, Greece, Russia, and Sweden).
Positive social relationships, support from, and acceptance of, the social environment have been found to contribute to the development and development of self-esteem in individuals across the age range (4 to 76 years). The opposite also seemed to be the case, that is, high self-esteem was associated with better social relationships, support, and social acceptance. Even when the researchers took into account the gender and age of the participants, the results remained unaffected.
Harris explains that this mutual connection between social relationships and self-esteem shows that the effects of this cycle of positive feedback accumulate over the years and can be an essential asset in individuals’ lives.
Researchers hypothesize that good parenting improves a child’s self-esteem, which may contribute to better relationships with peers in adolescence, which in turn boosts their self-esteem by leading to better relationships in adulthood. K.
They themselves, however, emphasize the need for research ventures that will test whether and why specific relationships are more important at different ages.
The opposite results are observed in cases of people with low self-esteem or poor quality of social relationships, resulting in the need for psychological interventions, Harris said.
Given the lack of longitudinal research based on the self-report method, Harris, and Orth have aspired that future research projects will fill this gap.